Reason in Revolt: Marxist Philosophy and Modern Science
Region : | Language : English | Product Binding : Paper Back | Page No. : 443 | Year : 2014
ISBN : 9789350023150
INR : 595.00
At the beginning of the 21st century, science and philosophy are at the crossroads. The achievements of science and technology in the previous century are unparalleled in history. They provide the potential for the solution of all the problems faced by the planet, and equally for its total destruction. Allegedly scientific theories are being used to “prove” that criminality is caused, not by social conditions, but by a “criminal gene.” Black people are alleged to be disadvantaged, not because of discrimination, but because of their genetic make-up. Similar arguments are used for poor people, single mothers, women, and so on. Of course, such “science” is highly convenient for right wing politicians intent on ruthlessly cutting welfare.
In the field of theoretical physics and cosmology there is a growing tendency towards mysticism. The “Big Bang” theory of the origin of the universe is being used to justify the existence of a Creator, as in the book of Genesis. For the first time in centuries, science appears to lend credence to religious obscurantism. Yet that is only one side of the story.
A growing number of scientists are becoming discontented with the old outlook. The rapid rise of the theory of chaos and complexity is one of the most significant developments in science at the present time. Many of the ideas expressed by this new trend are strikingly similar to the theories of dialectical materialism worked out by Marx and Engels over 160 years ago.
A significant part of this present work is devoted to an explanation of the relationship between Marxist philosophy and the new theories. Will this encounter provide the basis for a new and exciting breakthrough in the methodology of science?
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