On Nationalism and Communalism in India
Region : World | Language : English | Product Binding : Paper Back | Page No. : 96 | Year : 2010
ISBN : 9789350020883
INR : 175.00
Comprising three early writings of Professor Randhir Singh, this slim volume deals with the topical issues of nationalism and communalism in India.
Discussing Indian nationalism from the standpoint of its revolutionary tradition (Bhagat Singh and others) the author makes a distinction between nationalism before and after 1947. The former was progressive and liberationist in its opposition to imperialism and the latter can well be reactionary in that it serves to obscure the reality of our class-divided society and helps line up people behind the ruling class politics. The two pieces on communalism are essentially theoretical exercises. It is suggested that most contemporary thinking, writing or theorization on communalism, its achievements notwithstanding, is seriously flawed by an ideological error on the one hand and a methodological limitation on the other. The ideological error, which has virtually pre-empted the entire field of thought or study on communalism in this country, lies in understanding communalism from the standpoint of nationalism. And the methodological limitation lies in studying contemporary communalism in an essentially empiricist and often ahistorical manner. Both the error and the limitation are critically examined to argue for the validity of a Marxist approach to the study of social phenomenon, in the present case of communalism. As the argument proceeds, the notion of ‘ethical neutality’, a staple of mainstream scholarship, is questioned. It is pointed out that every explanation or understanding invariably has a ‘value slop’, that is, it is suggestive of a prescription. Therefore your understanding necessarily yields a response to the problem of communalism; it could be liberal, radical or revolutionary response. Hence the importance of how one explains or understands communalism in modern India. In deference to conventional practice, the author concludes with a definition of communalism in contemporary India.
Randhir Singh, a distinguished teacher and former Professor of Political Theory, University of Delhi. He has been associated with the communist movement since 1939. Of his writings, Harry Magdoff, editor, Monthly Review, has said: ‘I admire the solidity of your analysis as well as the firmness of your commitment’.
His other works includeCrisis of Socialism – Notes in Defense of a Commitment Reason, Revolution and Political Theory Five Lectures in Marxist Mode Of Marxism and Indian Politics Marxism, Socialism, Indian Politics – A View From the Left Contemporary Ecological Crisis – A Marxist View Indian Politics Today - An Argument for Socialism-Oriented Path of Development Struggle for Socialism – Some Issues
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