Bolshevism; The Road to Revolution
The author deals with the birth of Russian Marxism and its ideological struggle against the Narodniks and the trend of economism. The book looks at the development of Russian Social Democracy, from its real founding Congress in 1903, which ended up with the split between Mensheviks and Bolsheviks, through to the ‘dress rehearsal’ of the 1905 Revolution. Here the rise of the Soviet form of organisation is explored, together with the transformation the party (RSDLP) from an underground organisation to one with a mass workers following.
The author then explores the eventual revival of the party’s fortunes from 1910 onwards, the creation of the independent Bolshevik Party two years later, and the isolation of Marxism during the first world war. The final section of the book deals with the Bolsheviks’ emergence during the February Revolution and, after a deep internal struggle, under the leadership of Lenin and Trotsky, the Party’s eventual conquest of power in October.