Waqai-I Manazil-I Rum; Tipu Sultan’s Mission to Constantinople
Waqai-i Manazil-i Rum, a diary of the embassy sent by Tipu Sultan to Constantinople in 1786, contains an account of the activities of the embassy from the time it left Seringapatam until its departure from Basra to Constantinople. It sheds light on Tipu Sultan’s commercial ambitions in the Persian Gulf and on certain aspects of his administration. It also describes the position of the Indian merchants in the persian Gulf, the part they played in its economic life, and the social, economic and political conditions of the Persian Gulf territories at the end of the eighteenth century. This invaluable books is, thus, a useful supplement to the Europpean accounts of the period.
The Waqai is edited by Mohibbul Hasan with detailed ntoes on persons, place, names, technical terms, and words of non-Persian origin. The introduction describes, as a historical background, the condition of India and the persian Gulf during the second half of the eighteenth century, and summarises the work with a translation of the accounts of Masqat, Abu Shahr, Basra, and some of the islands of the Persian Gulf.
A leading historian, the late Professor Mohibul Hasan authored History of Tipu Sultan, Kashmir Under the Sultans, and a major biography of Babar, the Mughal emperor. He also edited Historians of Medieval India. Professor Hasan taught history at th Deparrtment of Islamic History, University of Calcutta, Aligarh Muslim University and University of Kashmir. He founded the history department at the Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, and was the university’s first Professor.