Latest Realeses

Author(s):
Adam Hanieh
Region:
South Asia
ISBN: 9789350024539
Paperback
Author(s):
Neil Davidson
Region:
South Asia
ISBN: 9789350024515
Paperback
Author(s):
E. P. Thompson
Region:
South Asia
ISBN: 9789350024522
Paperback
Author(s):
Michael Hardt
Antonio Negri
Region:
South Asia
ISBN: 9780674972254
Paperback
Author(s):
R M Pal
Bhaskar Sur
Region:
World
ISBN: 978-93-5002-385-3
Hardbound

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Featured Books/Bestsellers

  • Body:

    The Making of the Marxist Philosophy

    Part One - From Idealism and Revolutionary Democracy to Dialectical Materialism and Scientific Communism

    Part Two - The Foundations of Dialectical and Historical Materialism

    The author offers a profound and comprehensive analysis of the development of the philosophical views of Marx and Engels. He traces their progress from idealist and revolutionary-democratic views to a dialectical-materialist and communist world outlook. He also discusses the revolutionary influence that Marxism has had on world philosophy. The book shows the emergence of Marxism as an integral philosophical doctrine whose component parts are organically linked. The author also examines the development of Marxist political economy and scientific communism.

    Teodor Ilyich Oizerman was a Soviet and Russian philosopher and academician.

    Title: The Making of the Marxist Philosophy: Part 1 & 2 (combined)
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    Georg Lukács makes no bones about calling The Destruction of Reason a polemical book. Completed in 1952, several years after the appearance of Horkheimer's Eclipse of Reason, it reconsiders the disturbing history of German irrationalism with the investigative tools of historical materialism. Displaying a rare breadth of learning and awareness, Lukács traces the atrocities of Fascism to seeds sown as far back as the older Schelling, Schopenhauer and Nietzsche. Kierkegaard, though not a German, is discussed at length in view of his exceptional influence on twentieth-century thought. In dealing with pre-World War I philosophy and sociology, Lukács speaks from personal acquaintance with leading figures in Germany, notable Georg Simmel and Max Weber. The final chapter, which charts the development of racialist theory from eighteenth-century roots, is followed by a substantial epilogue intended as a warning for our times. Although peculiar historical conditions account for the German susceptibility to irrational trends, no country can be sure of immunity. 

    Despite the tendencies to obscurantism, complacency, despair or cynicism which Lukács reveals in his chosen thinkers, he does not seek to deny their constructive achievements. His energetic sorting of the intellectual wheat fromt he chaff concludes, typically, on a cautious yet hopeful note. with Pietro Nenni, Lukács recognised in the latter-day international peace movements a first sign that conscious reason in supplanting mass feeling (always open to manipulation) as the guiding ligh of humanity. Long awaited in English-speaking countries, The Destruction of Reason stands with The Young Hegel as one of its author's cardinal later works, informed throughout with his overriding concern for the future of civilised life. 

    Georg (György) Lukács (1885-1971) is one of the most important literary critics and philosophers of the 20th century. His literary works include: The Historical Novel, Studies in European Realism. His History and Class Consciousness established his reputation as major Marxist theoretician. He served in Hungarian governments twice: once in the midst of the revolution in 1919, and again, as Minister of Culture, in the anti-Stalinist regime that emerged in 1956.

    Title: The Destruction of Reason
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    Lukács is a thinker and critic widely appreciated in cultural and literary studies of the twentieth century. This book considers the nature and development of the novel and anticipates its development. It is an essay of prophetic vision: Lukács writes: “anyone who wants to become more intimately acquainted with the prehistory of the important ideologies of the [nineteen-] twenties and thirties...will be helped by a critical reading of this book.”
     
    It begins with a comparison of the historic conditions that gave rise to the epic and the novel. In the age of the novel the once known unity between man and his world has been lost and the hero has become an estranged seeker of the meaning of existence. Later Lukács offers a typology of the novel based on whether the hero struggles for a realisation of a meaningful idea, or withdraws from all action. The balance of these extreme forms the third possibility, and each type is exemplified. The book is not a study of artistic technicalities, but of man, history and art tied closely in their development. It is written in a lyrical style well rendered by the translation. – Library Journal
     
    Georg (György) Lukács (1885-1971) is one of the most important literary critics and philosophers of the 20th century. His literary works include: The Historical Novel, Studies in European Realism. His History and Class Consciousness established his reputation as major Marxist theoretician. He served in Hungarian governments twice: once in the midst of the revolution in 1919, and again, as Minister of Culture, in the anti-Stalinist regime that emerged in 1956.
    Title: The Theory of the Novel: A Historico-Philosophical Essay on the Forms of Great Epic Literature
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    Imperialism as we knew it may be no more, but Empire is alive and well. Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri contend that the new political order of globalization should be seen in line with our historical understanding of Empire as a universal order that accepts no boundaries or limits. Their book shows how this emerging Empire is fundamentally different from the imperialism of European dominance and capitalist expansion in previous eras. Rather, today’s global Empire draws on elements of U.S. constitutionalism, with its tradition of hybrid identities and expanding frontiers. Empire identifies a radical shift in concepts that form the philosophical basis of modern politics, concepts such as sovereignty, nation, and people. Hardt and Negri link this philosophical transformation to cultural and economic changes in postmodern society—to new forms of racism, new conceptions of identity and difference, new networks of communication and control, and new paths of migration. They also show how the power of transnational corporations and the increasing predominance of postindustrial forms of labor and production help to define the new imperial global order. Michael Hardt is Associate Professor in the Literature Program at Duke University. Antonio Negri is an independent researcher and writer and an inmate at Rebibbia Prison, Rome. He has been a Lecturer in Political Science at the University of Paris and a Professor of Political Science at the University of Padua.
    Title: EMPIRE
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    In this book E.P. Thompson expands on the studies of The making of the English Working Class, examining plebeian culture, working-class consciousness and industrial life. His main thesis is that in 18th century England there was a tacit agreement of social behaviour and stability between the gentry and the poor. Both were allowed to take certain measures to achieve their aims – the gentry did it via parliament and the poor via civil disobedience and the threat of civil disobedience. Most interesting, however, was the symbolic or cultural struggle – what Thompson calls the theatre and counter-theatre. The theatre meant the social attitudes – the gentry had its wigs, its fancy outfits and its arrogant attitude, and the poor had its popular culture. Thus was power and discontent channelled through cultural manifestations. E.P. Thompson is best known today for his historical work on the British radical movements in the late- 18th and early- 19th centuries – in particular his book The Making of the English Working Class (1963). A prolific journalist and essayist he also published an influential biography of William Morris (1995) as well as a book on Wiliam Blake (1993), a novel and a collection of poetry. He died in 1993. [m]eticulously researched, elegantly argued and deeply humane. – New York Times Book Review This book signals the return to historical writing of one of the most eloquent, powerful and independent voices of our time. At his best he is capable of a passionate, sardonic eloquence which is quite uneqalled. – The Observer
    Title: CUSTOMS IN COMMON
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    Once of central importance to the left historians and activists alike, the concept of the “bourgeois revolution” has recently come in for sustained criticism from both Marxists and conservatives. In this comprehensive rejoinder, Neil Davidson seeks to answer the question. How revolutionary were the bourgeois revolutions? by systematically examining the approach taken by a wide range of thinkers to explain their causes, outcomes, and content across the historical period from the sixteenth-century Reformation to twentieth-century decolonization. Through far-reaching research and comprehensive analysis, Davidson demonstrated that there is much at stake – far from being a state issue for the history books, understanding these struggles of the past can offer insightful lessons for today’s radicals. Neil Davidson teaches at the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, Scotland. He is the author of The Origins of Scottish Nationhood (2000) and the Deutscher Prize – winning Discovering the Scottish Revolution (2003). He is on the editorial board of the journal International Socialism. I was frankly poleaxed by this magnificent book. Davidson resets the entire debate on the character of revolutions: bourgeois, democratic, and socialist. He’s sending me, atleast, back to the library. - Mike Davis, author, Planet of Slums Neil Davidson wends his way through the jagged terrain of a wide range of Marxist writings and debates to distill their lessons in what is unquestionably the most thorough discussion of the subject to date. If the paradox at the heart of the bourgeois revolutions was that the emergence of the modern bourgeois state had little to do with the agency of the bourgeoisie, then Davidson’s study is by far the most nuanced and illuminating discussion of this complex fact. A brilliant and fascinating book, wide-ranging and lucidly written. - Jairus Banaji, author, Theory as History
    Title: How Revolutionary Were the Bourgeois Revolutions?
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    This volume is the second of two containing a selection of Antonio Gramsci’s political writings from his first entry into Italian politics to his imprisonment under Mussolini’s fascist regime. An extensive selection from Gramsci’s Prison Notebooks and a volume of further selections from the Notebooks are also available in the English edition.

    This present volume covers the momentous years of the foundation of the Italian Communist Party (whose leader Gramsci was from 1924 until his arrest in 1926), the ascendancy of the Soviet Union as the authoritative force in the Communist International, and the rise and eventual triumph of fascism which forced Italian communism into nearly twenty years of illegality and Gramsci into prison. The crucial concerns of the articles, reports and letters in this volume are of central relevance to contemporary Marxism – the functioning of working-class power, the strategy of the united struggle against capitalism and against fascism, and the implications of proletarian internationalism – and the collection is indispensible for a proper understanding of the fighting tradition of the Italian Communist Party.

    Complete with introductory material, a chronology and full notes, and including relevant texts by other Italian Communist leaders, this English-language edition of the works of Antonio Gramsci makes available to a wider readership than ever before the writings of one of the most outstanding Marxist thinkers of Western Europe.

     

    AntonioGramsci was an Italian Marxist theoretician and politican. He wrote on political theory, sociology and linguistics. He was a founding member and one-time leader of the Communist Party of Italy and was imprisoned by Benito Mussolini’s Fascist regime. Gramsci is best known for his theory of cultural hegemony, which describes how states use cultural institutions to maintain power in capitalist societies.

    Title: Selections from Political Writings, 1921-1926
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    This edition of letters by Antonio Gramsci vividly evokes the ‘great and terrible world’ in which he lived, a description he used a number of times in his correspondence. The letters show Gramsci beginning to form the theoretical concepts that come to fuller fruition in the Prison Notebooks, but they also give an essential and rounded picture of Gramsci’s development, politically, intellectually and emotionally – the latter especially through letters to his family and wife.

    Broadly speaking, the letters are of three types: early letters to Gramsci’s family; overtly politically letters from Turin, Moscow, Vienna, and Rome; and letters to the Schucht sisters, including Jul’ka, whom he married while in Moscow. The political letters constitute a fascinating insight into the period, both with regard to the Communist International and, more often, to Italian politics. The volume also includes the famous letter of 1926 in which Gramsci, writing in the name of the Italian Party’s Political Bureau, criticizes the Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party for their handling of internal opposition.

    There are approximately 200 letters, including some newly found and published for the first time in this volume. The collection begins with the letters that the young Gramsci sent back to his family when he was a student in Cagliari and ends with the last letter he wrote before his arrest in 1926. It thus follows a broadly chronological structure, and includes a general introduction, a guide to the main personalities involved, and additional contextual information for each chapter. It also includes some little-known photographic material.

     

    Antonio Gramsciwas an Italian Marxist theoretician and politician. He wrote on political theory, sociology and linguistics. He was a founding member and one-time leader of the Communist Party of Italy and was imprisoned by Benito Mussolini’s Fascist regime. Gramsci is best known for his theory of cultural hegemony, which describes how states use cultural institutions to maintain power in capitalist societies.

    Title: Antonio Gramsci - A Great and Terrible World: The Pre-Prison Letters, 1908-1926
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    Over the last few decades Marta Harnecker has emerged as one of Latin America’s most incisive socialist thinkers. In A World to Build, she grapples with the question that had bedeviled every movement for radical social change: how do you construct a new world within the framework of the old? Harnecker draws on lessons from socialist movements in Latin America, especially Venezuela, where she served as an advisor to the Chávez administration and was a director of the Centro Internacional Miranda.

    A World to Buildbegins with the struggle for socialism today. Harnecker offers a useful overview of the chaning political map in Latin America, examining the trajectories of several progressive Latin American governments as they work to develop alternative models to capitalism. She combines analysis of concrete events with a refined theoretical understanding of grassroots democracy, the state, and the barriers imposed by capital. For Harnecker, twenty-first century socialism is a historical process as well as a theoretical project, one that requires imagination no less than courage. She is a lucid guide to the movements that are fighting, right now, to build a better world, and an important voice for those who wish to follow that path.

    Marta Harneckeris the author of over eighty books and monographs in several languages, including Understanding the Venezuelan Revolution. She has been director of the Memoria Popular Latinoamericana research center in Havana, Cuba and the Centro Internacional Miranda in Caracas, Venezuela.

    Title: A World to Build: New Paths Toward Twenty-First Century Socialism
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    In the articles collected in this volume Karl Marx and Frederick Engels deal with the history of colonialism, provide a strictly scientific Marxist analysis of the economic causes behind the predatory colonial policy of the capitalist states.

    Most of these articles were written in the 1850s when mighty popular anti-colonial movements developed in Asia. In 1853 Marx wrote a series of articles on India has also been included.

    Karl Marx was a philosopher, economist, sociologist, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. Born in Prussia, he later became stateless and spent much of his life in London in the United Kingdom.

    Frederick Engels was a German social scientist, author, journalist, businessman, political theorist, philosopher, and father of Marxist theory, together with Karl Marx.

    Title: On Colonialism
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    MAHAD has an iconic place in Dalit universe. Associated with legendary personality of Dr Ambedkar, the struggle of Dalits at Mahad for asserting their rights to access the public tank, the Chavadar tank, arguably ranks among the first civil rights struggles in history.

    Unfortunately, it remained largely confined to folklore; its detailed account still remaining fragmented and in mostly Marathi. This book provides a comprehensive account, using many sources including the archival materials, of the two conferences in Mahad in 1927 that marks the beginning of the Dalit movement under Babasaheb Ambedkar to a wider readership in English. It tries to frame it within its historical context which will help people comprehend its historical significance. It also seeks to draw certain lessons for the future course of the Dalit movement.

    The book additionally contains the original account of Comrade R. B. MORE, the organizer of the first conference at Mahad.   

    Anand Teltumbde is a writer, civil rights activist and theoretician of peoples’ movement. He has authored 18 books and many papers/pamphlets on contemporary issues. The recent titles are: Anti-Imperialism and Annihilation of Caste, Khairlanji: A Strange and Bitter Crop and Persistence of Caste. As a public intellectual, he has widely lectured within India and abroad. He writes a monthly column Margin Speak in Economic & Political Weekly. Trained in Technology and Management he held top management positions in corporate world. He currently teaches Business Management in IIT, Kharagpur. 

    Title: MAHAD: The Making of the First Dalit Revolt
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    Whatever the state of current politics, Karl Marx remains one of the great thinkers of the modern world. Chris Arthur has solved the problem of slimming down Capital, without tearing the fabric of Marx's argument or losing the flavour of his style, with exceptional success. All students will have reason to thank him. - E.J. Hobsbawm

    Karl Marx's Capital was first published in 1867, since when it has become the classic text of Marxism for professional economists, social scientists, philosophers, students, and political activists alike. But the sheer extent of Marx's great work of political economy has often daunted readers, and hampered their understanding of his ideas. No less a person than Harold Wilson jokingly claimed he gave up when he came across a two-page footnote on the first page.

    C J Arthur, whose student edition of The German Ideology by Marx and Engels has long proved popular, has substantially edited and abridged Marx's monumental work, eliminating the more arcane polemics, the scholarly footnotes, statistical data and mathematical formulae. He leaves intact and clarified Marx's main theoretical arguments and the historical information which supports them.

    Marx's Capital - A Student Edition makes one of the most influential texts of the modern era open and accessible to readers as never before.

    C J Arthur is Honorary Lecturer in Philosophy at the University of Sussex. A respected scholar of Marx, his books include Dialectics of Labour: Marx and His Relation to Hegel (1986), Marx's Method and a student edition of The German Ideology.

    Title: Marx's Capital: A Student Edition
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    The Russian Revolution of 1917 can be regarded as the greatest event in human history. For the first time millions of workers and peasants took poltiical power into their own hands, sweeping aside the despotic rule of the capitalists and landlords, and setting out to create a socialist world order based upon the rule of the Soviet of Workers', Soldiers' and Peasants' Deputies.

    Capitalism had broken at its weakest link. The Russian Revolution heralded the beginning of the world revolution, inspiring the hopes and dreams of millions. Notwithstanding the terrible backwardness of Russia, the new Socialist Soviet Republic represented a decisive threat to the world capitalist order. It struck terror in the ruling classes everywhere, which rightly regarded it as a threat to their power and privilege.

    Leon Trotsky's History of these event is a master piece. It was the first time that a scientific history of a great event had been written by a man who played a dominant part in it. Together with Lenin, he led the Bolshevik Revolution, and lived throughout its stormy events. However, this book is not simply a dramatic narrative, but a profound analysis of the inner forces of the Revolution. It remains by far the best account of the Russian Revolution today.

    Title: The History of the Russian Revolution (3 Volumes)
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    This book, originally published in French under the title Que faire du ‘Capital’?, offers a new interpretation of Marx’s great work. It shows how the novelty and lasting interest of Marx’s theory arises from the fact that, as against the project of a ‘pure’ economics, it is formulated in concepts that have simultaneously an economic and a political aspect, neither of these being separable from the other.

    Jacques Bidet conducts an unprecedented investigation of Marx’s work in the spirit of the history of science, exploring it as a process of theoretical development. Traditional exegesis reads the successive drafts of Capital as if they were complementary and mutually illuminated one another. In actual fact, like any scientist, Marx only wrote a new version in order to correct the previous one. He started from ideas borrowed from Ricardo and Hegel, and between one draft and the next it is possible to see these being eliminated and restructured. This labour, moreover, was never fully completed.

    The author thus re-assesses Marx’s entire system in its set of constitutive categories: value, market, labour-power, classes, working class, exploitation, production, fetishism, ideology. He seeks to pin down the difficulties that these encountered, and the analytical and critical value they still have today. Bidet attaches the greatest importance to Marx’s order of exposition, which assigns each concept its place in the overall system, and makes the validity of the construction depend on the pertinence of its initial presuppositions. This is particularly the case with the relationship between market mechanism and capitalism – and thus also between the market and socialism.

    Jacques Bidetis Professor at the University of Paris-X, holding the chair of Political Philosophy and Theories of Society, His other publications include Théorie de la modernité (1990), John Rawls et la théorie  de la justice (1995,) Théorie générate, Théorie du droit, de I’économic et de la politique (1990) and Explication et reconstruction du ‘Capital’(2004).

    Title: Exploring Marx's Capital: Philosophical, Economic and Political Dimensions
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    This volume consists of a critical commentary on the interactions between Marxism and theology in the work of the major figures of Western Marxism. It deals with the theological writings of Ernst Bloch, Walter Benjamin, Louis Althusser, Henri Lefebvre, Antonio Gramsci, Terry Eagleton, Salvoj Žižek and Theodor Adorno. In many cases their theological writings are dealt with for the first time in this book. It is surprising how much theological material there is and how little commentators have dealt with it. Apart from the critical engagement with the way they use theology, the book also explores how their theological writings infiltrate and enrich their Marxist work. The book has three parts: Biblical Marxists (Bloch and Benjamin), Catholic Marxists (Althusser, Lefebvre, Gramsci and Eagleton), and the Protestant Turn (Žižek and Adorno).

    Roland Boer, Ph.D. (1993) in Biblical Studies, McGill University, is Reader in Comparative Literature and Cultural Studies at Monash University, Melbourne. He has published extensively in biblical studies, Marxism, postcolonialism, cultural studies, literary theory and political theory, including Marxist Criticism of the Bible (Continuum 2003).

    Title: Criticism of Heaven: On Marxism and Theology
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    As the dust settles following the financial meltdown of 2008, more and more media outlets, corporate “leaders,” and economists of all stripes have taken to endlessly discussing the “new normal”- a labor market with lower wages, fewer benefits, less democracy at work, and skyrocketing profits. Yet far too seldom is any consideration given to the question of what these new conditions of precariousness mean for those dependent on their labor to survive. As contingent work has grown there has been a simultaneous reduction in the number of jobs, an erosion of workplace rights, and the evaporation of past gains won through labor struggles, yet these sweeping changes are presented as inevitable and benign consequences of the economic crisis.

    The Meanings of Work aims to explore the theoretical and empirical dimensions of the question. Antunes starts by putting forward a wider conception of “work,” and then moves on to analyze the philosophical underpinnings of the move toward Fordism and Taylorism in previous epochs in an effort to understand the drive behind the new conditions facing labor today.  

    Ricardo Antunes is Professor of Sociology at University of Campinas (UNI-CAMP/Brazil). He was Visiting Research Fellow at Sussex University and his books and articles have been published in France, Italy, England, Switzerland, Spain, Portugal, Brazil, Mexico, and Argentina, among other countries.

    Title: The Meanings of Work: Essays on the Affirmation and Negation of Work
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    This book using hitherto unpublished sources sharply interrogates the common belief that the Nehruvian economic policies stultified Indian economic growth. This book provides detailed data including the interaction between the then major chamber FICCI and the Indian Government which provided the politico-economic atmosphere for the neo-liberal reforms that followed later.

    Kamal Aron Mitra Chenoy, is a Professor of Comparative and Indian Politics in the School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. He has also taught at the Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi, the Indira Gandhi National Open University and Columbia University, New York. He is the co-author of Maoists and Other Armed Conflicts, Penguin, 2010. He has also authored many Reports on communal violence and human rights issues.

    Title: The Rise of Big Business in India
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    'very usefully pulls the key passages from Gramsci's writings into one volume, which allows English-language readers an overall view of his work. Particularly valuable are the connections it draws across his work and the insights which the introduction and glossary provide into the origin and development of some key Gramscian concepts.' - Stuart Hall

    The most complete one-volume collection of writings by one of the most fascinating thinkers in the history of Marxism, The Antonio Gramsci Reader fills the need for a broad and general introduction to this major figure.

    Antonio Gramsci was one of the most important theorists of class, culture, and the state since Karl Marx. His influence has penetrated beyond the left and his stature has so increased that every serious student of Marxism, political theory or modern Italian history must now read him.

    Imprisoned by the Fascists for much of his adult life, Gramsci wrote brilliantly on a broad range of subjects: from folklore to philosophy, popular culture to political strategy. Still the most comprehensive collection of Gramsci’s writings available in English, The Antonio Gramsci Reader now features a new introduction by leading Marxist historian Eric Hobsbawm, in addition to a biographical introduction, informative introductions to each section, and a glossary of key terms.

    David Forgacs is co-editor of Antonio Gramsci: Selections from Cultural Writings and editor of Rethinking Italian Fascism. He is a professor in the department of Italian, University College, University of London.

    Title: The Antonio Gramsci Reader: Selected Writings 1916-1935
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    The essays collected here straddle four decades of work in both historiography and Marxist theory, combining source-based historical work in a wide range of languages with sophisticated discussion of Marx’s categories. Key themes include the distinctions that are crucial to restoring complexity to the Marxist notion of a ‘mode of production’; the emergence of medieval relations of production; the origins of capitalism; the dichotomy between free and unfree labour; and essays in agrarian history that range widely from Byzantine Egypt to 19th-century colonialism. The essays demonstrate the importance of reintegrating theory with history and of bringing history back into historical materialism. An introductory chapter ties the collection together and shows how historical materialists can develop an alternative to Marx’s’ Asiatic mode of production’.

     

    Jairus Banaji, spent most of his academic life at Oxford. He has been a Research Associate in the Department of Development Studies, SOAS, at University of London, for the past several years. He is the author of Agrarian Change in Late Antiquity (Oxford, 2007).

    Title: Theory as History: Essays on Modes of Production and Exploitation
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    The book highlights three areas of Public Policy and Governance Land, Equity and Democracy based on the vast experience and deep critical thinking of the authors. The section on Land deals with a variety of land tenure systems and their implications for efficiency of cultivation and returns to the cultivator, the commitment of major political parties to pursuing the agenda of land redistribution, reforms in tenancy relations, development policies contributing to social exclusion with respect to access to common property resources, subversion of redistributive land reforms in the process of implementation and social unrest caused by denial of rights in land to the rural poor.

    The Section on Equity focuses on the state of implementation of laws and programmes which benefit the poor and the marginalized groups. It covers public policy, neglect and denial of justice to the tribes in respect of their core concerns, the lack of commitment to eliminate the scourge of debt bondage and manual scavenging, iniquitous, neo-liberal economy adversely impacting the Adivasis and the shrinking democratic space on account of the state’s repression of peaceful protests against unjust policies.

    The section on Democracy highlights the unresponsive character of the Indian state which imposes unjust economic policies on people, unmindful of the suffering they cause, and deals with a diverse range of issues from reversal of welfare-oriented development, massive human rights violations in acquisition of land  for development projects, the security-centric response of the state of the challenge posed by the Maoist movement to people’s own efforts in addressing development deficit, legitimacy and accountability of NGOs in advocacy and delivery of development programmes.

    K.B. Saxena is former Secretary to the Government of India, and at present Professor, Social Justice and Governance in the Council for Social Development.

    Manoranjan Mohanty is former Professor of Political Science, University of Delhi, and at present professor, Council for Social Development and Chairperson, Institute of Chinese studies.

    Sumit Chakravartty is Editor, Mainstream. Senior Journalist, deeply involved in Civil Society Movements in India and Peace Movements in South Asia.

    Title: A Fistful of Dry Rice; Land, Equity and Democracy Essays in Honour of D. Bandyopadhyay
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    Praised for its ‘clear-headedness and common sense’ (London Review of Books), this book is an introduction to the uses made of anthropology by Marx and Engels, and the uses made of Marxism by anthropologists.

    Maurice Bloch begins by using our present knowledge to evaluate the writings of Marx and Engels on primitive societies. He goes on to discuss the anthropological theories of the immediate successors to Marx and Engels, and assesses the significance of the fact that the only work available to them was Engels’s The Origin of Private Property, the Family and the State. He then examines the gradual reintroduction of Marxist concepts in American, British, and French anthropology. He relates how anthropologists have turned away from the theories of primitive societies developed by Marx and Engels, and have instead explained the workings of pre-capitalist societies in the light of Marxist theories of Capitalism.

    Maurice Bloch is Professor of Anthropology in the University of London. He is the author of Marxist Analyses and Social Anthropology (1975).

     

    TABLE OF CONTENTS 

     1. Anthropology and the Work of Marx and Engels 

    2. Marx and Engels on Anthropology

    3. The Present-Day Standing of Marx’s and Engels’s Anthropology

    4. The Direct Successors to Marx and Engels

    5. Marxism and American Anthropology

    6. Marxism and British and French Anthropology

    Bibliography

    Index

    Title: Marxism and Anthropology
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    Since its first publication twenty years ago, Eurocentrism has become a classic of radical thought. Written by one of the world’s foremost political economists, this original and provocative essay takes on one of the great “ideological deformations” of our time: Eurocentrism. Rejecting the dominant Eurocentric view of world history, which narrowly and incorrectly posits a progression from the Greek and Roman classical world to Christian feudalism and the European capitalist system, Amin presents a sweeping reinterpretation that emphasizes the crucial historical role played by the Arab Islamic world. Throughout the work, Amin addresses a broad set of concerns, ranging from the ideological nature of scholastic metaphysics to the meanings and shortcomings of contemporary Islamic fundamentalism.

    Consistently subversive of the established pieties of the West, this book breaks new theoretical and historiographical ground by outlining a compelling non-Eurocentric vision of world history. This second edition contains a new introduction and concluding chapter, both of which make the author’s arguments even more compelling.

     

    Praise for the first edition: “Samir Amin’s fascinating book on the crucially important subject of Eurocentrism ranges from the spread of Hellenism with the conquest of Alexander the Great to the triumphs of imperialism and transnational capitalism of the 1980s. While essentially thoughtful and analytical, this study is quite rightly informed with outrage against European arrogance and with sympathy for the non-European victims on the periphery of the present system.” MARTIN BERNAL, author of
    Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization.

    Samir Amin was born in Egypt in 1931 and received his Ph.D in economics in Paris in 1957. He is currently the director of UNITAR, a United Nations research institute in Dakar, Senegal. An economic consultant to many Third World Countries, he is the author of numerous books, including The World We Wish to See, Accumulation on a World Scale, Unequal Development, Neo-Colonialism in West Africa, Empire of Chaos, and
    Re-Reading the Postwar Period, all published by Monthly Review Press.

     

    Title: Eurocentrism: Modernity, Religion and Democracy – A Critique of Eurocentrism and Culturalism
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    ‘Marxism and Literature, one of Raymond Williams’s truly pathbreaking books, has survived its historical moment and continues to exert a fascinating force. Typically idiosyncratic in form – a series of brief illuminating vignettes of some vital topics in materialist criticism – it is equally challenging and original in its content. Williams was at once close to Marxism, and a robustly independent critic who made his own unique intellectual voyage. It is the combination of political sympathy with a powerfully distancing perspective which allows this deeply felt study at once to comment on its subject, and effectively to reinvent it.’ —Terry Eagleton

    Title: Marxism and Literature
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    A distinguished economic theorist of international fame, Amit Bhaduri stands out for challenging consistently the conventional wisdom of mainstream economics. Through his innovative research he has shown systematically how the postulates of individual rationality and methodological individualism of economic orthodoxy ignore the role of power which should be the centre piece of economic analysis. Fifteen less technical of his essays, written over the last three decades and collected in this volume, give a flavour of how political economy is shaped by power in a historical process. Often basing on the macroeconomic tradition of Marx, Kalecki and Keynes, and combining it with his own field observations as an activist-researcher, these essays indicate the way in which political economy can be fruitfully reformulated.

    Amit Bhaduri has taught as professor of economics in more than a dozen universities around the world, authored more than seventy papers and eight books with many of his writings translated into several major Asian and European languages., and is on the editorial board of several international journals. Selected as professor of ‘clear fame’,  Pavia University, Italy, currently he is professor emeritus, Jawaharlal Nehru University, and visiting professor, Council for Social Development, New Delhi.

    Title: Essays in the Reconstruction of Political Economy
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    This book is a brilliant and stimulating synthesis of Gramsci‘s life and thought. Students and scholars alike will find it extremely rewarding. Antonio A. Santucci brings to the study of Gramsci a fine historical sensitivity and a rigorous theoretical depth.” —BENEDETTO FONTANA, Baruch College, author of Hegemony and Power: On the Relation Between Gramsci and Machiavelli

    Antonio Gramsci is a giant of Marxian thought and one of the world’s greatest cultural critics. Antonio A. Santucci was perhaps the world‘s preëminent Gramsci scholar. Monthly Review Press is proud to publish, for the first time in English, Santucci’s masterful intellectual biography of the great Sardinian scholar and revolutionary.

    Gramscian terms such as “civil society” and “hegemony” are much used in everyday political discourse. Santucci warns us, however, that these words have been appropriated by both radicals and conservatives for contemporary and often self-serving ends that have nothing to do with Gramsci‘s purposes in developing them. Rather what we must do, and what Santucci illustrates time and again in his dissection of Gramsci’s writings, is absorb Gramsci‘s methods. These can be summed up as the suspicion of “Grand explanatory schemes,” the unity of theory and practice, and a focus on the details of everyday life. The rigor of Santucci’s examination of Gramsci’s life and work matches that of the seminal thought of the master himself.

    Antonio A. Santucci(1949-2004) was the Director of the Center for Gramscian Studies at the Istituto Gramsci in Rome. He taught at the Universities of Sassari, Parma, and Naples before joining the faculty of the University of Salerno as professor of political science. Santucci’s numerous publications on Marxist political thought include the complete Italian critical editions of Gramsci‘s preprision and prison letters.

    Title: Antonio Gramsci
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    The scope of John Dewey’s writings—ranging from aesthetics and education to legal and political theory – and his role in the development of twentieth-century philosophy have helped make him a continuing influence on contemporary thought. One of his most significant contributions to the theory of knowledge lay in his application of the principles of instrumentalism to traditional approaches to logical theory. Essays in Experimental Logic contains fourteen of Dewey’s most profound papers on many different aspects of knowledge, reality, and epistemology.

    These papers on experimental logic are based on the theory that possession of knowledge implies a judgement, resulting from an inquiry or investigation. The presence of this “inquiry stage” suggests an intermediate and mediating phase between the external world and knowledge, an area conditioned by other factors. Expanding upon this foundation, these papers consider the relationship of thought and its subject matter; the antecedents and stimuli of thought, data, and meanings; the objects of thought; control of ideas by facts; and similar topics.

    Three papers describe the various kinds of philosophical realism. The first closely examines Bertrand Russell’s dictum concerning “our knowledge of the external world as a field for scientific method”; the other two discuss pragmatism, differentiating Dewey’s position from those of James and Peirce. These essays present their author‘s most easily followed account of his own philosophy. The section entitled “Stage of Logical Thought” analyzes the role of scientific method in philosophy, and the final essay presents a striking theory of a logic of values.

    John Dewey was an American philosopher, psychologist and educational reformer whose ideas have been influential in education and social reform.

    Title: Essays in Experimental Logic
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    The fourteen essays comprising this anthology were written over a long stretch of time. They followed the author’s developing academic interests in the footsteps of the rapidly evolving contours of the discipline of history itself in the second half of the twentieth century from dead certitudes to delicious ambiguities. The major chunk of the volume centres on the creation and circulation of ideas at ground level as much as at the highest echelons of court society. Other essays engage with questions of economy, society and technology. These are all in the nature of explorations, just as all historiographical endeavours are, in the end. All of these have been published earlier; some date from the 1970’s, others still in press. Many had appeared in a book over a decade and a half ago, but now unavailable, a major reason for the making of this anthology.

    Harbans Mukhia taught medieval History for 44 years at Delhi University and JNU, retiring as JNU’s Rector in 2004. His publications include Historians and Historiography During the Reign of Akbar; Perspectives on Medieval History; Feudalism and Non-European Societies (co-edited with T.J Byres), The Feudalism Debate; French Studies in History (co-edited with M Aymard), Religion, Religiosity and Communalism (co-edited with P Bidwai and Achin Vanaik) and The Mughals of India.  He is the founder-Editor of The Medieval History Journal.

    Title: Exploring India's Medieval Centuries: Essays in History, Society, Culture and Technology
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    From the highly acclaimed novelist, script editor, journalist and writer William Ash, a clear, rooted, account of the importance of socialist ideas within the Marxist tradition. Ash, a decorated war hero and leading trade unionist and thinker, has written something of great importance to a new generation of those fighting for peace and progress.

    Anti globalization protesters, trade unionists and genuinely worried workers will find this book a major wake up call to the simple, yet increasingly relevant concepts that underpin socialism.

    The author considers values, rights, obligations and alienation and social change and shows how the modern ideas of workers, concentrated into Marxism, have enhanced the best thought of the past and offer us something powerful today.

    ..a highly original book”. – Morning Star

    For a one volume work that, in usually straightforward and clear fashion, addresses the relationship among economics, ethics and politics, it would be difficult to best this contribution.” – Science Class and Politics

    It is, as any good Marxist analysis, should be, a call to action, not a mere intellectual exercise”. – Voice of the Unions

    Title: Workers' Politics: The Ethics of Socialism
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    The book could have been appropriately sub-titled as ‘Life in Pre-Partition Delhi (Dilli) Laid Bare’. It is, the first, and easily the last one of its kind by one of the vanishing breed of vintage Dilliwalas, born, bred and educated over there, before emigrating to Pakistan. Old Dilli of the author’s childhood, breathed the very air of the life and times of Ghadar – the (Revolt or the Mutiny) of 1857. Until the early 30s there was hardly any electricity, running water, pucca paved streets and public transport except for tongas and dolies for women traveling from one mohallah, one house, one street to another.

    The book covers the intriguing canvas of life as seen by the author as a child and a Youngman. It also tells the story of an old family through its cycles of birth, marriage and death.

    The author, pries deep into the back alleys of the ancient city and portrays the youthful and adult delinquencies seen in their nook and crannies.

    The book is the third of the author’s Partition Qartet: The other two being, Tuqseme-i-Hind aur Bahadur Shah Zafar ki Wapsi (Partition and the Return of Bahadur Shah Zafar – Urdu) and Partition and the Making of Mohajir Mindset (Oxford). The fourth and the last of the quartet Partition: An Emperor’s Nightmare is under publication.

    The book is refreshingly free from the kind of morbid nostalgia associated with such personal narratives.

    Abdul Rahman (A.R.) Siddiqiis a vintage, authentic Dilliwalla.  He belongs to the generation of the City poised on the verge of extinction.  Born, raised and educated in the City he was 23 (b. 06 September, 1924) at the time of Partition.

    Siddiqi had been through a richly-varied cycle of experiences as a journalist (Dawn, Delhi as a junior sub-editor in mid 1947) and in Pakistan as the Special Representative of the Civil-Military Gazette, Lahore, assigned to the NWFP and Rawalpindi (1947-1950).

    In 1950 he joined the Pakistan army and retired in 1973 as the Chief of the Inter-Services Public Relations, Directorate in the rank of Brigadier.  He had been through the 1965 and 1971 wars acting as the principal military spokesman in 1971.

    After his retirement, he launched the Monthly Defence Journal, first of its kind ever or since in Pakistan.  He owned, published and edited the Journal until 1997.  He had been and remains regular columnist and news commentator for the print and electronic media.

    He lives in Karachi with his family, dedicated to reading, writing and movies.

     

    Title: Smoke Without Fire: Portrait of Pre-Partition Delhi
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    Dorothy Thompson writes in her introduction: ‘This essay is a rarity among Edward’s published work. Although he was throughout his life interested in the philosophy of history and in various theoretical formulations, he concerned himself with these mainly in private reading and private discussion. Why then did he write this essay? He had read the work of Louis Althusser and found very liitle in them to affect his work. When Althusser appeared on the scene he made little impact on practicing historians. For some reason however, he suddenly became a major force among graduate students and some young historians and literary scholars. Most historians would have been prepared to wait for the new influence to demonstrate its validity in the production of innovative work in history; not only did this not happen, but Althusser’s followers – even some of the historians among them – began to declare that history was a non-discipline and that its study was of no value. It was the influence that Althusser’s writings were having on scholarship that made Edward take on the uncongenial task of putting the case for history against his closed system.’

    The result is a major critique of Althusserian Marxism, or ‘theoretical practice’, entering closely into questions of epistemology and of the theory and practice of the historian. Around this detailed polemic, Thompson develops a constructive view of an alternative, socialist tradition, empirical and self-critical in method, and fully open to the creative practice evidenced by history – a tradition sharply opposed to much that now passes as ‘Marxism’. In converging shafts to close analysis and Swiftian irony, the author defoliates Althusser’s arcane, rationalist rhetoric and reinstates ‘historicism’, ‘empiricism’, ‘moralism’ and ‘socialist humanism’ in a different Marxist inheritance.

    The title of this essay echoes The Poverty of Philosophy, Marx’s annihilating attack on Proudhon, which, like Engels’ Anti-Dühring, is a work read long after its subject has been consigned to oblivion.

    Edward Palmer Thompson was an English historian, writer, socialist and peace campaigner. He is probably best known today for his historical work on the British radical movements in the late 18th  and early 19th centuries, in particular The Making of the English Working Class (1963).

    Title: The Poverty of Theory
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    The State in Capitalist Societyis recognized as on of the most important books in political sociology published since the Second World War. In the wake of a neo-liberal era recognized almost universally as one which saw the retreat of the state, the massive scale of state intervention today makes the republication of this classic study extremely timely.

    This edition includes a new foreword by Professor Leo Panitch, York University, Toronto.

    Contents includes: Economic Elites and Dominant Class; The State System and the State Elite; The Purpose and Role of Governments; Servants of the State; Imperfect Competition; The Process of Legitimation; Reform and Repression.

    Ralph Miliband (1924-1994) was one of the key intellectual figures of the British New Left. He was the founder of the Socialist Register and author of Marxism and Politics, Parliamentary Socialism (reprinted 2009) and Socialism for a Sceptical Age.

    He held the Chair of Politics at the University of Leeds; he also taught at the London School of Economics, Brandeis in Boston, York University in Toronto and the City University of New York.

    Title: The State in Capitalist Society
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    “A good society,” Michael Lebowitz tell us, “is one that permits the full development of human potential.” In this slim, lucid, and insightful book, he argues persuasively that such a society is possible. That capitalism fails his definition of a good society is evident from even a cursory examination of its main features. What comes first in capitalism is not human development but privately accumulated profits by a tine minority of the population. When there is a conflict between profits and human development, profits take precedence. Just ask the unemployed, those toiling at dead-end jobs, the sick and infirm, the poor and the imprisoned.

    But if not capitalism, what? Lebowitz is also critical of those societies that have proclaimed their socialism, such as the former Soviet Union and China. While their systems were not capitalist and were capable of achieving some of what is necessary for the “development of human potential,” they were not “good societies.” A good society as Lebowitz defines it must be marked by three characteristics: social ownership of the means of production, social production controlled by workers, and satisfaction of communal needs and purposes. Lebowitz shows how these characteristics interact with and reinforce one another, and asks how they can be developed to the point where they occur more or less automatically – that is, become both a society’s premises and outcomes. He also offers fascinating insights into matters such as the nature of wealth, the illegitimacy of profits, the inadequacies of worker-controlled enterprises, the division of labour, and much more.

    Michael Lebowitz is professor emeritus of economics at Simon Fraser University in Vancouver, Canada, and the author of Beyond Capital: Marx’s Political Economy of the Working Class, winner of the Isaac Detscher Memorial Prize for 2004, and Build It Now: Socialism for the Twenty-First Century. He is Director, Program in Transformative Practice and Human Development, Centro Internacional Miranda, in Caracas, Venezuela.

    Title: The Socialist Alternative: Real Human Development
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     •       Provides a unique and authoritative survey of trends in labour history and historiographical developments around the  
             world over the last fifty years;

    •       The essays are written by leading scholars from Britain, America, Australia, Canada, the Netherlands, Germany, India,              
             Ireland and Japan.

    •       It is wide-ranging, meticulously documented an accessibly written.

    This book asserts the importance of the lives, aspirations and actions of ordinary workers. Their history is as important for understanding the past as the activities of their rulers.

    An indispensable volume for all historians of work, workers and organised labour, it will be immensely valuable to those engaged in labour movements who believe that, in the face of globalisation, labour's future depends on understanding its past in all its complexities. It is published to commemorate the creation of the Society for the Study of Labour History in 1960 which, as Eric Hobsbawm remembers in his Preface, 'made British labour history for a time the most globally influential in the field'.

    Joan Allen, a Senior Lecturer in the School of Historical Studies at the University of Newcastle, is currently an editor of Labour History Review.

    Alan Campbell is Honorary Senior Fellow and formerly Reader in Labour and Social History at the University of Liverpool. A long-standing member of the Executive Committee of the Society for the Study of Labour History, he is the Society's Chair.

    John McIlroy is Professor of Employment Relations at Middlesex University Business School. He is Secretary of the Society for the Study of Labour History.

    Title: Histories of Labour: National and International Perspectives
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    “This is a work of Marxology in the best sense of the term. I am convinced that it is and will remain an indispensable source for all serious students of Marxian ideas in the broad field of politics and political science. There is nothing in the existing literature which is even remotely comparable to it.” – Paul M Sweezy

    Volume 1: State and Bureaucracy

    The first book of Hal Draper’s definitive and masterful study of Marx’s political thought. “Extraordinarily stimulating. Discusses Marx’s views on democracy and many other topics, large and small.”                                                       – New YorkReview of Books

    ISBN: 978-93-5002-133-0                                                     Rs. 495.00

    Volume 2: The Politics of Social Classes

    “Cuts away some of the myths surrounding Marx’s political thought.” – Library Journal

    ISBN: 978-93-5002-134-7                                                     Rs. 595.00

    Volume 3: The “Dictatorship of the Proletariat”

    Examines how Marx, and Marxists, have addressed the issue of dictatorships in relation to the revolutionary use of force and repression, particularly as this debate has centered on the use of the term “dictatorship of the proletariat”.

    ISBN: 978-93-5002-135-4                                                     Rs. 395.00

    Volume 4: Critique of Other Socialisms

    This volume looks at Marx’s critique of other thinkers, including many socialists who deferred significantly in their conceptions of socialism to illuminate that it was that made Marx’s socialism distinctive.

    ISBN: 978-93-5002-136-1                                                     Rs. 395.00

    Volume 5: War and Revolution

    “Hal Draper is one of the greatest Marx scholars and in this volume he shares his knowledge with consummate precision, unfailing insight, and no-nonsense good cheer.” – David N Smith, University of Kansas

    ISBN: 978-93-5002-137-8                                                     Rs. 295.00

    Hal Draper was an American socialist activist and author who played a significant role in the Berkeley, California, Free Speech Movement and is perhaps best known for his extensive scholarship on the history and meaning of the thought of Karl Marx.

    Draper was a lifelong advocate of what he called “socialism from below,” self-emancipation by the working class in opposition to capitalism and Stalinist bureaucracy, both of which, he held, practiced domination from above. He was one of the creators of the Third Camp tradition, a form – the form, according to its adherents – of Marxist socialism.

    Title: Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution (5 Vols.)
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    This book was conceived when Jagtar Singh, as a journalist working with The Indian Express, went to the Darbar Sahib complex as part of the team of journalists from Chandigarh flown to the war zone by the government during Operation Bluestar, the army action in the Golden Temple complex at, the holiest of the holy shrine of the Sikhs at Amritsar. The holy Granth Sahib installed on the first floor of the sanctum sanctorum of the shrine was in disorder covered by a blood soaked white sheet. Placing the holy book in order was a trauma for the author.

    Jagtar Singh had joined The Indian Express in 1978 a few days after the Sikh-Nirankari clash to which militancy in this state is traced, to be transferred to Amritsar in March the next year. This provided the opportunity to observe the situation virtually as in insider. Though returned to Chandigarh after two years, the author covered almost every major development in Amritsar till Operation Bluestar. The visits to Amritsar were frequent till militancy petered out. The author was witness to the rise of Sant Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale with whom the interaction was frequent, most of the times off the record but such meetings provided the much needed deeper insight to the evolving situation. The last one-to-one off the record meeting lasting about an hour with him was on May 25 when the army had already moved into Punjab for the decisive action.

    This book combines both the personal experience during the period Jagtar Singh worked with The Indian Express and the developments and their interpretation spanning about 25 years covering the two extremes in the Sikh political matrix. Some of the resource material relating to the Sikh politics is exclusive, appearing for the first time in this book.

    Coming from a family of  agriculturalists of  Ambala,  Jagtar Singh,  when he joined The Indian Express, Chandigarh in 1978, was amongst the very few English language journalists of  Punjab with a wide knowledge and background of  rural Punjab and Haryana. Possessing a great capacity for diligent field work, he was aided by his  understanding of  the religio-political ethos of  the region and in his writings, was soon imparting meaning to the fast paced developments, then sweeeping Punjab. His foray into this, till then, urban bastian was preceeded by an indepth study of  political economy,  interspersed with personal experiences of  mass struggle and repression by the state machinery in the late 1960's and early 1970's in Punjab. 

    In his journalistic career he utilised the opportunities afforded by the old school of  journalism to bring home to the readers the major current and cross-currents which enveloped Punjab in the 1980's and 1990's. Arguably Jagtar Singh is one of  the foremost authorities on Punjab, its politics and society, and particularly the politics of  the Shiromani Akali Dal and Shiromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee (SGPC), which seem to be beyond the comprehension of the whistle-stop journalists of  the new era. Jagtar Singh has always been known for a meticulous record keeping, combined with a dispassionate, balanced and unsparing approach to events and players and these qualities are amply on display in this work as well.

     

    Title: Khalistan Struggle: A Non Movement

Welcome to Aakar Books

Aakar books was established in 1991 in Delhi. Starting as a library supplier, bookseller and distributor, it progress to publishing quality scholarly books in social Science in English and Hindi in 2001 and has now carved a niche for itself in this sphere.

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